comes from combining the "480 years" (between the Exodus and Solomon's fourth year as king) of 1 Kings 6:1 with the accepted date for the beginning of Solomon's reign, ca. This biblical chronological conflict is easily seen by adding up the well-known 40 years of wilderness wandering, 410 years of alternating periods of oppression and deliverance recorded in the book of Judges, 40 years for the career of Eli, 40 years for the reign of Saul, and 40 years for the reign of David.
Archaeologists and historians, comparing archaeological, historical and Biblical records, tend to date the Exodus somewhere between the 3d and 2d millennia B. Most favor one of three basic time frames: However, some Biblical evidence supports the 15th-century date, and the expulsion of the Hyksos favors the earlier date.
The expulsion of the Hyksos evidence is important because it is the only historically recorded collective exodus from Egypt of people from Asia until the first millennium B. The 13th century date solves the problems of the earlier ones (the period of the Judges would not be too long, there is archaeological evidence of the kingdoms the Hebrews had extensive contact with, and the Egyptians were no longer a major force in the area) and is the date accepted by more archaeologists and historians than the others.
Various formulas for this are suggested However early date supporters would say that the text includes nothing about totals of other periods, just 480 years.
The next point of contention is that of the beginning of the sojourn. Anderson's view that it is improbable that a Hyksos King would have given the daughter of the priest of On to Joseph as his wife (Gen.
To have an historical date, normally, an event must be real; therefore the question must be asked as to whether or not the Exodus actually happened.
Some believe the Exodus never took place because there is no physical or literary proof beyond the Bible.
With the 13th century dating of the Exodus, settlement of Canaan by the Israelites occurs in the 12th century B.
For many years the date of the date of the Exodus has been disputed and the issue has become a major discussion in the realms of Old Testament debate as some feel that issues such as biblical historicity rest upon the matter.
Both sides believe their respective dates to fit in best with the main pieces of biblical, archaeological and other data which are discussed in this essay. Late date supporters must first remove or explain this obstacle before anything else.